Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), are a common concern among sexually active individuals. While some STIs may not cause any symptoms, they can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. In this article, we will discuss the top 10 common STIs/STDs and the importance of getting tested and treated.
This is a bacterial infection that can affect both men and women, often without causing any symptoms. It is the most commonly reported STI in the United States. If left untreated, chlamydia can lead to serious health problems such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women.
This is another bacterial infection that is similar to chlamydia and is also often asymptomatic. If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to serious health problems such as PID, infertility, and even sepsis.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
HPV is a viral infection that can cause genital warts and cervical cancer in women. It is the most common STI, and it is estimated that nearly 80% of people will have been infected with HPV at some point in their lives.
This is a viral infection that causes outbreaks of painful sores on or around the genitals or mouth. There is no cure for herpes, but antiviral medications can help to reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks.
This is a bacterial infection that progresses through stages, from a painless sore to serious health problems if left untreated. It can cause problems such as blindness, dementia, and even death if left untreated.
This is a parasitic infection that affects both men and women, causing vaginitis in women and urethritis in men. It is caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
This is a viral infection that attacks the immune system and can lead to AIDS. HIV is a serious and life-threatening condition, but with early diagnosis and treatment, people living with HIV can live long and healthy lives.
This is a viral infection that affects the liver and can lead to chronic liver disease. It can be transmitted through sexual contact, but it can also be transmitted through sharing needles or from mother to child during birth.
Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)
This is a viral infection that can cause Kaposi’s sarcoma, a type of cancer that is more common in people with HIV.
This is a bacterial infection that causes painful sores on or around the genitals, it is not as common as other STIs/STDs.
It’s important to note that many of these infections can be asymptomatic, meaning they may not show any signs or symptoms but still be transmissible. Therefore, it’s important to get tested if you suspect you may have been exposed to an STI/STD. Many STIs can be treated with antibiotics, and early treatment can prevent serious health problems from developing. Additionally, using barrier methods of contraception such as condoms and dental dams can help reduce the risk of contracting an STI/STD.