Breast Cancer: What You Need to Know.

July 21, 2023Healthcare

Breast Cancer: What You Need to Know.

July 21, 2023

Breast cancer is a complex and often overwhelming disease that affects millions of women worldwide. In this article, we aim to provide a clear and concise introduction to breast cancer, empowering you with essential knowledge and guiding you toward proactive steps for your breast health. By understanding the basics of breast cancer, you can take control of your well-being and make informed decisions about your health.

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of the breast. It typically starts in the milk ducts or lobules, which are responsible for producing and carrying milk. In some cases, breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body if not diagnosed and treated at an early stage.

Risk Factors and Prevention

While the exact causes of breast cancer remain unclear, certain risk factors can increase your chances of developing the disease. These include a personal or family history of breast cancer, genetic mutations (such as BRCA1 and BRCA2), age, hormonal factors, and lifestyle choices. Although not all risk factors are within our control, you can take steps to reduce your risk, such as maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, limiting alcohol consumption, and conducting regular breast self-exams.


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Signs and Symptoms

Being aware of the signs and symptoms of breast cancer is crucial for early detection. Common signs include a lump or thickening in the breast or underarm area, changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge or inversion, skin dimpling, and persistent breast pain. It is important to remember that not all lumps are cancerous, but a healthcare professional should promptly examine any unusual changes.

Screening and Diagnosis

Regular breast cancer screenings play a vital role in detecting the disease at its earliest stages, often before symptoms appear. Mammograms, clinical breast exams, and self-exams are essential screening methods. If an abnormality is detected, further diagnostic tests, such as breast ultrasound, MRI, or biopsy, may be recommended to determine the presence of cancer.

Treatment Options

Breast cancer treatment depends on various factors, including the stage and type of cancer, as well as individual circumstances. Common treatment approaches include surgery (such as lumpectomy or mastectomy), radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy. Treatment plans are tailored to each individual, and it is essential to discuss options with a healthcare team to make informed decisions.

Action Points

  • Get Educated: Learn more about breast cancer, its risk factors, and symptoms. Stay informed through reputable sources and consult healthcare professionals like Etta Atlantic Memorial Hospital for personalized guidance.
  • Conduct Self-Exams: Perform regular breast self-exams to become familiar with the typical look and feel of your breasts. Report any changes or concerns to your healthcare provider promptly.
  • Schedule Screenings: Follow recommended guidelines for mammograms and clinical breast exams based on your age and risk factors. Early detection can significantly improve outcomes.
  • Know Your Family History: Be aware of your family’s breast cancer history, as it can impact your own risk. Share this information with your healthcare provider.
  • Seek Support: Reach out to support groups, online communities, or counseling services to connect with others who have experienced breast cancer. Emotional support is an important part of the journey.


Understanding breast cancer is the first step towards taking control of your breast health. By familiarizing yourself with the basics of breast cancer, its risk factors, signs, and screening options, you empower yourself to make informed decisions and seek timely medical attention. Remember, knowledge is power, and together, we can combat breast cancer and prioritize our well-being.

If you have any concerns or questions, do not hesitate to reach out to us on 08083734008 or send an email to We are here to support you on your journey to better breast health.

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Lekki, Lagos State

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