The HIV/AIDS 101: Understanding the Basics of Symptoms, Transmission, and Prevention

The HIV/AIDS 101: Understanding the Basics of Symptoms, Transmission, and Prevention

February 17, 2023 by Etta-Atlantic
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HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) are serious public health concerns that affect millions of people worldwide. It is important to understand the basics of HIV/AIDS in order to prevent its spread and to provide support for those living with the virus.

Symptoms of HIV/AIDS

The early symptoms of HIV infection can be similar to the flu and may include fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. As the virus progresses, it can lead to the development of AIDS, which weakens the immune system and makes the body susceptible to other infections. Symptoms of AIDS can include weight loss, chronic diarrhea, and a variety of infections and cancers. It is important to note that many people living with HIV may not have any symptoms for several years, which is why it is important to get tested if you have been at risk of contracting the virus.

Transmission of HIV

HIV is primarily transmitted through unprotected sexual contact, sharing of needles or other injection equipment, and from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. HIV cannot be transmitted through casual contacts such as hugging, shaking hands, or sharing food or drinks.

Prevention of HIV/AIDS

There are several methods of preventing HIV/AIDS, including:

  • Consistently and correctly using condoms during sexual intercourse.
  • Practicing safe injection techniques and never sharing needles or other injection equipment.
  • Taking pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medication can reduce the risk of HIV transmission by more than 90%.
  • Avoiding high-risk behaviors such as unprotected sexual contact with multiple partners or sharing needles.
  • Getting tested and treated for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can increase the risk of HIV transmission.

Early diagnosis and treatment are also critical for preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS. People who are living with HIV and receive regular medical care and take antiretroviral therapy (ART) can suppress the virus to undetectable levels, making it much less likely to transmit the virus to others.

Conclusion

HIV/AIDS is a serious public health concern that affects millions of people worldwide. It is essential to understand the basics of HIV/AIDS, including the symptoms, transmission, and prevention methods, in order to prevent its spread and to provide support for those living with the virus. By practicing safe sex, taking other precautions, and getting tested, we can all play a role in preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS. Remember that early diagnosis and treatment are critical for preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS, so get tested if you have been at risk of contracting the virus.

 

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22 Abioro Street, Ikate
Lekki, Lagos State
Nigeria

Call us now if you are in a medical emergency need, we will reply swiftly and provide you with a medical aid.


08083734008

hello@ettaatlantic.com


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