Malaria is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease caused by a parasite transmitted by mosquitoes. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were 229 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2019, with 409,000 deaths, mostly among African children under the age of five.
Tips to preventing malaria
Using insect repellent:
One of the most effective ways to prevent malaria is to use insect repellent.
Look for products that contain DEET or picaridin as the active ingredient, as these have been shown to be most effective in repelling mosquitoes.
Using bed nets:
Another important way to prevent malaria is to use bed nets. Bed nets are mesh screens that are placed over beds or other sleeping areas to prevent mosquitoes from biting people while they sleep. According to the WHO, bed nets are one of the most cost-effective ways to prevent malaria, reducing the risk of infection by around 60%.
Using screens on windows and bed:
Using screens on windows and doors can prevent mosquitoes from entering your home.
A study by the WHO found that using screens on windows and doors can reduce the number of mosquitoes entering a home by up to 90%.
Using air conditioning or fans can also reduce the number of mosquitoes in a home, as mosquitoes are less likely to fly in areas with moving air.
Maintaining good personal hygiene:
Maintaining good personal hygiene can prevent malaria.
A study by the WHO found that keeping yourself and your surroundings clean and wearing appropriate clothing, such as long sleeves and pants, can reduce the number of mosquitoes that come into contact with your skin.
Malaria is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease that affects millions of people worldwide.
By taking preventative measures such as using insect repellent, bed nets, screens, avoiding areas where mosquitoes are prevalent, and maintaining good personal hygiene, you can significantly reduce your risk of contracting the disease.
Remember to always seek medical attention if you develop symptoms of malaria and stay informed about the latest recommendations for preventing this disease.